Grim Night For Macron as His Party Loses Absolute Majority; Big Gains For Far-Left, Far-Right

( – French President Emmanuel Macron lost his absolute majority in the National Assembly in an election Sunday that delivered official opposition status to a new left-wing alliance and a dramatic boost to the far-right National Rally.

In an outcome that will significantly impact Macron’s ability to advance his reform agenda during his second and final term as president, preliminary results placed his centrist bloc, now called Ensemble (Together), on track to lose more than 100 seats in the 577-member legislature.

While it will remain the largest party, with around 244 seats, the lack of an absolute majority will compel Macron to seek support for his initiatives from the center-right Republicans and their allies – also a weakened force, down from 136 seats at the last election to around 74.

Meanwhile the president will be fending off opposition on the left flank from the newly-formed NUPES (New Ecological and Social Popular Union) coalition, and on the right from National Rally.

NUPES, which cobbles together Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s populist Rebellious France movement with the Greens, Socialists, and Communists, is set to take around 127 seats, making it the second largest bloc.


And in a surprise outcome, Marine le Pen’s National Rally surged to around 89 seats – up from just eight seats won in the 2017 election.

While the invigorated forces on both the far-left and far-right will make Macron’s life difficult, even within his Ensemble movement he faces potential difficulties as would-be successors seek to make their own mark ahead the next presidential election.

Among these is Édouard Philippe, a former prime minister (2017-2020) who is widely expected to run for president in 2027.

A former Republican, Philippe last October founded his own political vehicle, Horizons, which subsequently became part of the new Ensemble coalition.

Macron has played a high-profile leadership role in Europe – both before and during France’s E.U. presidency, a revolving post that moves to the Czech Republic on July 1.

In an election season overshadowed by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the economic fallout from the conflict, some supporters griped that he was not focused enough on domestic issues. Macron spent several days of last week not on the campaign trail at home but visiting Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine.

Given Sunday’s legislative election results, his second term is likely to see a much more inwardly-focused president at the Elysee Palace, and one far less able to rule with a free hand than he has up to now.

First, though, he has several high-profile international engagements on the diary – an E.U. summit in Brussels on Thursday and Friday, a G7 summit in Germany on Saturday, and a NATO summit in Madrid early next week. President Biden will join him for the latter two.

Elisabeth Borne, Macron’s newly-appointed prime minister, said on Sunday the government would respect the voters’ choice and act accordingly.

“With the new National Assembly we have a certain responsibility, a unique responsibility as of tomorrow. We will strive to build a majority, one turned towards action. We have to rally people together to ensure stability in our nation and carry out the necessary reforms.”

She promised the government would take tangible steps “to bolster purchasing power,” work towards full employment, pursue ambitious environmental action, reform the health sector, and ensure “industrial, energy, and farming sovereignty.”

Among the uphill battles ahead: Macron’s controversial pension reform, entailing raising the national retirement age by three years to 65.

Le Pen, who lost the presidential election to Macron in April, returns to the National Assembly hugely strengthened, increasing its representation more than tenfold. It’s by far the best result for the party since its founding (as the National Front) in 1972.

Provisional turnout in Sunday’s vote was around 46.2 percent. In the first round a week earlier it was 47.5 percent.


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